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What is Cerebral Palsy?
It is physical disability suffered by the child injured with harmful factor in early life, leading to stop in growth or injury to the brain during growth. It is non-developing physical disability.

                      Motion area in the brain                                    Basic seizures
                     Spastic cerebral palsy                                      Involuntary cerebral palsy
                     Thinking and comprehension area                     Sight area
                     Hearing and speaking area Sensing area          Cerebellum
                                                                      Ataxic cerebral palsy

Areas responsible for motion and sensing in the brain
And types of cerebral palsy occurred if injured

When injury occurs?
It may occur during pregnancy, birth, or the first days or years of life.

Types of Cerebral Palsy

1- Spastic Cerebral Palsy

This type of cerebral palsy results from the injury responsible for motion in the brain. The child cannot control the neck and trunk, with hands closed. The child is unable to hold toys, with legs crossed and standing on tiptoes. Muscles are contracted and joints collapsed, leading to having problems in maintaining body posture in sitting, crawling andwalking.

2- Athetoid (Involuntary) Cerebral Palsy

It results from the injury of nuclei of the midbrain from severe neonatal jaundice. The child suffers from relaxation in the neck and trunk, involuntary movements in limbs and having problems in maintaining body posture in sitting, crawling and walking.

3- Ataxic Cerebral Palsy

It results from the injury of the cerebellum. The child suffers from weakness in balance and having problems in maintaining body posture and hand shaking in sitting, crawling and walking.

4- Mixed Cerebral Palsy

It results from injury of different parts of the brain, with combination of symptoms.
The child may suffer from other injuries if other parts of the brain were injured, such as speech, sight and comprehension difficulties. Multiplicity in injury is a distinctive phenomenon of cerebral palsy. Therefore, rehabilitation of children requires attention and treatment of all motor and sensory problems physically, functionally, vocally, and psychologically and then educationally according to their abilities.

Prevention is our goal
Prevention from cerebral palsy is possible and definite

- Healthy pregnancy and birth is a guarantee of healthy child-

Advanced countries have succeeded in reduction of injury to 1-2 per 1000 births, while injury here are up to 4 per 1000 births depending on population.This is by intensive care for pregnant women, especially those at risk because of being young and old, those who are exposed to problems in pregnancy and difficulties during birth, and twins, especially multiple twins who usually born immature.
Birth spacing, healthy mother, and prevention of prematurity as well as giving birth in a safe place in which aids for fetus and mother are available and child protection after birth from diseases and house and road accidents reduces injury rate.
Prevention from impairment and disability is very important to the injured child; early diagnosis and treatment gives a greater chance in improvement, reduction of disability and enabling the child to develop his/her motor, sensory and cognitive abilities.
Average age of children at their first checking is still high, which delays the child’s progress physically and sensationally. We call families and those concerned with child growth (especially those at risk of being disabled), such as premature, twins and those exposed to complicated births or post natal problems, such as severe jaundice or inflammation, to actively monitor and refer the child to early treatment. Rapid intervention gives the best results in development.

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